Hypoponera punctatissima (Roger, 1859), [Formicidae: Ponerinae], is a small brown ant with a functioning sting, a single substantial petiole (the body section connecting the alitrunk (mid-section) and gaster (the bulbous rear section) in hymenopterous insects) and a constriction between the first and second segments of the gaster. It is an underground species, where it lives and forages on small soil living arthropods. Only the alate gynes (the winged reproductive females of ants) are likely to be seen above ground.
Hypoponera schauinslandi (Emery, 1899) has rarely been recorded in Britain. It is a little smaller than punctatissima and can be separated in the gynes by measuring the head-width, head-length and scape length (the basal segment of the antenna). It has a tropical or sub-tropical origin and cannot survive outdoors in Britain. It has an unusual flight period of November to February which can act as a useful guide in its identification. H. schauinslandi was only recognised as present in Britain in 2000.
It is possible that this is only the fourth known substantiated record for the UK.