Friday, 11 November 2016

Parasol ...

Parasol (Macrolepiota procera)





M. procera, the Parasol mushroom, is a large saprobic basidiomycete fungus with a conspicuous fruiting body resembling a parasol once fully expanded. Two forms are currently recognised. The nominate form, var. procera, is illustrated above. M. procera var. pseudo-olivascens, was defined in 1987 and is generally found under conifers; it differs visibly in developing olive stains on the cap surface. They can be found in woodland clearings and in grassy areas adjoining woodland, growing singly or in small scattered groups; also occasionally in permanent pasture and in stable sand dunes as well as, although less frequently, on disturbed ground such as in gardens and allotments. They are common in southern Britain and Ireland, though less common in northern England and Scotland.

The above specimens are examples from a Sussex woodland clearing; the largest located having a cap diameter of 24cm …

References:

Buczacki, S., Shields, C. and Ovenden, D. (2012). Collins Fungi Guide: The most complete field guide to the mushrooms and toadstools of Britain & Ireland. London: HarperCollins, p. 66, fig. p. 67.
O’Reilly, P. (2016). Fascinated by Fungi – exploring the majesty and mystery, facts and fantasy of the quirkiest kingdom on earth. Llandysul: First Nature, p. 362.
Phillips, R. (2006). Mushrooms. London: Pan Macmillan, p. 127, figs. c and d.
Sterry, P. and Hughes. B. (2009). Collins Complete Guide to British Mushrooms and Toadstools. London: HarperCollins, p. 80, fig. p. 81.

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